WEDDING CUSTOMS OF XO DANG ETHNIC GROUP

A simple wedding culture

Customs and festivals of Xo Dang people are really plentiful and various. However, wedding customs here are so simple and the sacrifices such as Can wine, sticky rice, fish are prepared before the wedding.

If a man loves a woman and wants to marry her, the man’s family must ask a dependable old man to come to the woman’s family and ask them for making a marriage. If the woman’s family agrees, both families will plan and prepare for the wedding,

The man will prepare such presents as bracelets, necklaces and earrings for his fiancé as keepsakes and let everyone know that she is getting married.

The woman family cuts a cock’s throat and let the blood flow into a bowl. Then, they will take a small stick and divide the blood bowl into two for each family to bring a bowl to home. At night, in their dreams, if they dream of water, planting banana or trees, these things will be a good presage. However, if they dream of toads or falling tree, it will be a portent and the wedding will be postponed.

 

The wedding takes place in a happy way

As the customs, after the man and the woman get married, they will have a small celebration together and sing, dance and drink until they are all drunk. After the wedding, the wife goes home with the husband and brings along a bunch of firewood as the symbol of living in the man’s house. At the husband’s house, the wife has to stand outside and waits until the sky gets dark and only when there are all people in the husband’s family coming will the wife be allowed to come in and celebrate.

When all relatives come back home, the man’s family prepares a cock and cut its throat to mix the blood with wine and boil the cock. After that, they give those things to the young couple to eat and drink it. This custom means the peace and happiness in marriage. Eating and drinking in the wedding night means good health for the new couple and wishes them to have many healthy children.

After the wedding day, both wife and husband are not allowed to produce things or go to the water trough of the village. Both have to stay at home. The woman stays in the husband’s house to cook and burn her firewood. In the following days, they go to the stream and scoop up fish in front of relatives’ witness. If they scoop up the crab, they will have fight frequently in the future, but in contrary, if they shovel a fish, they will live happily together.

In the marriage, Xo Dang people often have married challenge rites of the woman’s family to the man’s. The indispensable sacrifices are gongs and a small jar – the traditional things. Gongs and thr small jar are considered as presents for children when they get married and these things will help the young couple have lots of children, plentiful grains and rice as well as assert the husband’s family belief. If the husband’s family does not have such these things, it will be said that they do not have any houses or properties.

Xo Dang ethnic people are now living in Kon Tum, Quang Ngai, Quang Nam province. Xo Dang people have their own traditional customs and habits still preserved and promoted until today.

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The charm of women through the Thai wind Pieu towels

The Pieu towel is a traditional beauty of the customes in particular and culture of the Thai people in general. The Pieu towel was appeared in poems, songs as a nice symbol reflecting the charm of the Thai women.

“Pieu” means head scarf in Thai language. The White Thai wear square towel while the Black Thai wear Pieu. In other words, Pieu towel is unique feature of the Black Thai customes. The Pieu have different types depending on each locality: some are embroidered by colored thread, some are cotton fabric dyed indigo

 The charm of woman through the Thai wind Pieu towel

Origin of the Pieu towel

The origine of the Thai women wind Pieu towel is attached with a legend. Formerly, there is a village with full of women living together. Any man who came over was killed. One day, a woman went to the forest and met a man in another village, they lived together and had a son. When the son grew up and witnessed unreasonable life of the “ Mother village”, he mobilized the forces of “Father village” to attack the “mother village”. The “mother village was failure and promised to live in peace. Since then , the women in the village often wear towel with the sign of printed finger, called “cut”

The Thai woman embroidering the Pieu

Beauty of the Pieu towel

 

The Pieu towel of the Thai women is made of cotton. The cloth is dyed with indigo until it becomes dark blue. The Thai women don’t embroider the towel from the right side, they use the techniques to embroider from the left side to highlight the patterns on the right side. The patterns of the Pieu are quite complicated that requires ingenuity and exact thinking. The Thai women need to start from middle pattern, then surrounding motifs and finally they append “cut pieu”, “ cop pieu” and “ hu pieu” to highlight the motifs.

 

“ Cop pieu” is a colored strip of fabric ( usually red) is embroidered four corners and two edges of the towel. “Hu pieu” is tied from the small strip of “cop pieu”. “ Hu pieu” looks like a flower with three petals. “Cut pieu” is made from a piece of red cloth, wrapped with the core of thread inside, curled under the helical shape. “ Cut pieu” is arranged in odd clusters.

Pieu towel are embroidered from left side with beautiful patterns abd “cut pieu”, “cop pieu”, “hu pieu”

 

The Pieu towel not only helps cover the head under the sun and prevent wind from cold winter but also is an important ornament of the Thai women in daily life, especially in festival days. Moreover, the Pieu is aslo the symbol of love, the bridge for the love of couples. The girls often give the boys the most beautiful Pieu towel to express their affection. In the Thai’s weddings, the Pieu towel is precious gifts the daughter-in-law give the parents and siblings of her husband. The Thai women learn how to embroider the Pieu since they are young. The Pieu towel is one of criteria to assest the virtues of the Thai girls.

The Pieu towel plays an important role in the Thai people’s life

The Thai wind Pieu towel brings not only the aesthetic value but also social value. This is unique culture of the Black Thai’s life that leaves deep impressions on both domestic and foreign tourists.

 

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